Coastal Carolina Community College (CCCC) is a 3,050-student institution with a 98-acre campus located adjacent to NC 53 (Western Boulevard) in Jacksonville, North Carolina. With enrollment projected to increase 140% over the next 20 years, CCCC knew it would quickly outgrow its existing transportation infrastructure without some additional provisions.
The campus had three access locations, all of which were along Western Boulevard. Extending Faculty Drive would provide a fourth campus access via Country Club Road on the south side of campus.
Initially, DAVENPORT provided the City of Jacksonville and NCDOT with a traffic impact analysis and concept designs to determine off-site roadway improvement requirements for the Faculty Drive extension project, as well as for the college’s upcoming master plan.
With the results of the analysis confirming the project would significantly improve traffic flow and help accommodate the projected increase in volume, CCCC then selected DAVENPORT to design the Faculty Drive Extension access road.
The new roadway includes a roundabout connecting it to the college’s existing network. Accomplished in roundabout design, DAVENPORT is accustomed to designing to NCDOT, MUTCD and FHWA standards, as well as addressing visual appeal. This roundabout features a color scheme, signage and landscaping to coordinate with existing campus aesthetics. The corridor was designed to be pedestrian-friendly, incorporating bike lanes, sidewalks, street lighting, street trees, entrance signage and a large pond.
Wet and undesirable soils and poor drainage also complicated the project. DAVENPORT incorporated combinations of undercut, fill and geogrid to overcome these design challenges. The team also designed a shoulder drain system to address groundwater issues that arose during construction.
DAVENPORT coordinated the Faculty Drive Extension with CCCC’s adjacent building and parking lot projects already underway. This maximized efficiency by helping to prevent both design-plan and construction-schedule conflicts.
Even with complex features and multiple stakeholders, DAVENPORT completed the Faculty Drive Extension design two months ahead of schedule. The firm’s relationships with the City of Jacksonville and NCDOT enabled the team to pursue an expedited schedule for the various plan stages. Obtaining agency buy-in upfront and responding quickly to questions helped ensure that target review times were met.
DAVENPORT completed the schematic design, design development and construction document phases (25%, 75%, and final plan submittals) with minimal review comments. The firm also provided construction administration, working closely with the North Carolina State Construction Office.
DAVENPORT’s comprehensive involvement with this project included transportation impact analysis, concept roadway design, cost estimating, final roadway and sidewalk design, landscaping, street lighting and entrance signage design, grading, drainage design, storm water management, storm water pond design, erosion and sedimentation control, construction documentation, permitting, bidding and construction administration.
Guilford Technical Community College selected DAVENPORT to conduct operational and feasibility studies for two proposed parking decks on the Jamestown Campus. DAVENPORT examined how each deck was going to function including the potential effects on pedestrian activity, parking, traffic queuing, and roadway connections.
The first of the studies examined two alternative access configurations for a proposed 365 car parking deck. DAVENPORT was also tasked with identifying transportation improvements that would be required under each scenario. Work included analysis of three intersections as well as queuing analysis at the gated entrance to the parking deck. DAVENPORT provided GTCC with a list of recommended transportation improvements for each alternative.
DAVENPORT also provided transportation engineering services for another proposed parking deck for the Jamestown Campus. Our team worked closely with the design team to evaluate construction options including location and access, and provide recommendations for the access road including width and number of lanes. An analysis of the intersection of Access Road and Bonner Drive was conducted to determine what improvements would be necessary. DAVENPORT also served as the liaison between GTCC and the NCDOT.
Recommendations provided by DAVENPORT included installing raised pedestrian crosswalks to ensure pedestrian safety while also providing traffic calming along the access road and installing two entry gates on the parking deck in order to minimize traffic queuing back onto Bonner Drive. In order to increase safety and eliminate conflict points in the area, DAVENPORT recommended closing/aligning access to two adjacent parking areas.
North Carolina Central University retained DAVENPORT to conduct a parking demand study and plan to present to the City Planning and Engineering department for approval. The Unified Development Ordinance (UDO) of the City-County Planning Department of Durham had recently zoned the campus and its vicinity UC 2 category which was to serve as the basis for any future parking requirement. The study was necessary in order to facilitate parking reviews on individual future campus projects requiring City of Durham Planning and Engineering review. In addition, North Carolina Central University requested a transportation assessment of the Campus to establish the scope and parameters under which a comprehensive Campus Master Plan would be developed.
DAVENPORT’s Scope of Work for the Parking Plan included identifying all existing campus surface and structured parking including general, accessible and service/loading facilities and developing a plan to accommodate current and future needs to meet the requirements of the Unified Development Ordinance of the City-County Planning Department of Durham.
For the Transportation Assessment/Study, DAVENPORT established the Scope and Parameters under which a comprehensive Campus Master Plan, including Transportation, would be developed to include all relevant transportation components critical to orderly campus growth and their respective criteria. DAVENPORT accessed Pedestrian/vehicular interactions on campus streets and at external intersections. Street closings, pedestrian ways and service/emergency access were among the considerations.
NC A&T State University sought to improve traffic conditions and pedestrian safety along its major north-south corridor, Benbow Road, which stretches from East Market Street at the south to Sullivan Street at the north. The intersection of East Market Street at Benbow Road had been experiencing traffic delay and queuing problems, especially during peak conditions. Benbow Road is also located at the heart of both parking and pedestrian activity in the NC A&T campus, which highlights the need for access management and pedestrian safety solutions.
Prior to this project, DAVENPORT had completed an analysis of the intersection of Obemeyer Street at Deck A Entrance/Wimbush Way. This prior study revealed the broader need for an analysis of intersections along Benbow Road. Thus, a major task of this study was to analyze traffic conditions in the vicinity of Wimbush Way at Benbow Road, and identify transportation improvements and access management strategies that would be required. Additionally, the University requested DAVENPORT review the Benbow Road corridor with regard to pedestrian activity and make recommendations to enhance pedestrian safety.
Study tasks involved on-site review of the study corridor, collection of vehicular and pedestrian traffic data, review of crash and speed data, and analysis of 2010 existing and 2020 future conditions.
Based on the information gathered and analysis, DAVENPORT identified areas of deficiency and offered short, medium and long term recommendations related to safety improvements, including traffic calming and access management measures.
Starting in 2009, University of North Carolina at Greensboro's (UNCG) planning processes identified the need for the University to increase the number of undergraduate students housed in University-controlled housing. In order to achieve this goal, UNCG expanded its campus to the south by crossing a Norfolk Southern railroad corridor and enlarging the campus into the West Lee Street Corridor of the city limits. Planned expansions included 1,500 beds of student housing, a new student union, classrooms and commercial space.
The entire span of Lee Street is currently a NCDOT maintained roadway within the City of Greensboro. When originally designed, the road was not configured for bicycles or pedestrian traffic, and it is currently a cross section with four lanes of moving traffic and a center turn lane.
DAVENPORT was retained to mitigate transportation related concerns of the University. The goal was and is to maintain the functionality of the roadway as well as developing on-street parking in addition to providing bike lanes in both directions. To ensure these objectives would meet planning, zoning and future growth, DAVENPORT conducted a traffic analysis, trip projection and assignment, in addition to facilitating numerous meetings with stakeholders (often with different interests), regarding conceptual roadway design. The result of this project is an excellent example of DAVENPORT's win-win philosophy for solving transportation issues. The adopted plan included narrower lanes (a concession from NCDOT), a landscaped median, wider sidewalks with a four foot landscaped buffer, enhanced crosswalks, bike lanes, on-street parking at selected locations, metal poles and mast arm improvements for the signals, and enhanced bus stops. When constructed, this corridor will be the pride of the University, and will serve as a gateway between downtown Greensboro and the Coliseum area.
DAVENPORT conducted a multi-modal transportation study for UNC Wilmington. The study identified solutions to reduce bicycle/ pedestrian/ vehicle conflicts and enhance the mobility of all modes of transportation. Stakeholder questionnaires were produced addressing vehicle, transit, pedestrian, bicycle, and skateboard traffic on campus. Feedback received from the questionnaire was used to further define existing issues, needs, and solutions.
DAVENPORT recommended a designated “walk zone” in the congested area of the core campus near the Randall Library, Fisher Student Center, and the Warwick Center. Also, UNCW staff reported many conflicts on Chancellor’s Walk between the different users (bicycles, pedestrians, and skateboards). DAVENPORT recommended separate bike and skateboard paths. Other recommendations included conversion of existing angle parking to headout angle parking in certain areas on campus, new crosswalks, improvement of existing crosswalks, and new bicycle lanes.
DAVENPORT was asked to recommend locations for future parking decks to would allow for efficient access from the surrounding roadway network while keeping decks at the perimeter of campus. Improvements to the overall safety of access to Parking Lot E, a major surface lot near the Student Center, were also suggested.
Other services included evaluating the feasibility of complete streets and/or bicycle routes, determining locations for bike-share and bike racks on campus, evaluating campus access from points across College Road including the potential for a pedestrian bridge overpass, evaluating campus transit system to determine effective shuttle routes and stops, and reviewing planned road construction projects indicated in the 2010 Campus Master Plan Update to identify benefits and feasibility of the projects.
DAVENPORT applied their expertise and problem solving skills to redesign a primary parking lot located at the heart of the Wake Forest University campus. Parking Lot Q is bounded on the north by Carroll Weathers Drive, on the east by Wake Forest Road, and on the southwest by Alley Easley Street. New senior class residence halls located to the north required access to the lot previously not available. WFU asked DAVENPORT to solve two key issues - improve circulation, increase safety and access through the lot according to ADA standards.
Since WFU knew that this parking lot had major circulation issues, DAVENPORT studied the lot and traffic patterns in order to offer WFU solutions to improve circulation. DAVENPORT created a design to improve operation, accessibility and circulation within the lot. This design focused on the largest area of concern - the extreme NW & SE part of the lot. In many of the drive aisles, a vehicle could not turn around without making a three point turn. DAVENPORT added a perimeter road to allow vehicles to flow in and out of aisles easily especially from the middle of parking lot to extreme northwest.
The new design also increased safety by reducing the parking lot speed. Previously, the wide road on Aaron Lane through the middle of the Lot Q facilitated speeding and did not provide adequate crosswalks for pedestrians. The modified route decreased vehicular speeds and increased pedestrian safety while also increasing circulation. The adjacent residence hall also created a need for handicap access across the parking lot to the main portion of the campus. This handicap accessible walkway provides a pedestrian artery from the north campus to the center of campus for the first time. DAVENPORT also made additional improvement to bring the lot up to ADA standards and local jurisdictional design standards.
Winston-Salem State University hired DAVENPORT to conduct a transportation feasibility study for a connector road that will join the main campus with their land to the north called the North Campus. Plans for the North Campus include classroom, administrative, and student housing buildings. The goal of the connector is to integrate these two separate pieces of land into one congruent campus for both vehicles and pedestrians. Currently, the North Campus is bounded on all sides; to the west by MLK Jr. Drive, to the south by railroad tracks, to the north by Lowery Street, and to the east and south by a stream. The proposed connector will provide campus connectivity on the south side and allow students, faculty and visitors to cross the railroad between Lowery Street and Cromartie Street, thus linking the campus together.
DAVENPORT also provided preliminary design (horizontal and vertical) of proposed modifications to the I-40 Bus/MLK Drive interchange and MLK Drive to provide better access to the WSSU camps. Design was coordinated with the NCDOT U-2826B TIP project that also modified the interchange. DAVENPORT facilitated development of plans and created a refined site plan along with two access alternative solutions.
The two most viable options detailed in this study were the Eastern alignment and Western alignment. DAVENPORT took on the role of an advisor to WSSU by doing due diligence and providing the university with clear and concise options to aid them in making the best decision. The feasibility study included detailed information for both options such as traffic operation and circulation, pedestrian accommodations, alignment, cost, right of way impacts as well as a listing of advantages and disadvantages. Since cost was a significant concern, DAVENPORT worked to find a solution that reduced the cost by over a million dollars. Infill cost is one area of superlative savings. Although raising the adjacent land is a typical solution for a level roadway, both of DAVENPORT's recommendations limited this approach due to the large infill expense.
DAVENPORT is thrilled to announce the addition of its 11th office to the Southeast! Located in Jacksonville, FL this will be the firm’s second office within the Sunshine State (in addition to Pensacola, FL). Our firm has chosen the right person for the job. Jeremy Runkle, PE, MBA will serve as the Director of the Jacksonville Regional Office. Mr. Runkle has extensive experience in the field of transportation engineering and has significant experience on notable design-driven multimillion dollar projects.
Jeremy comes to DAVENPORT with over 10 years of experience providing transportation engineering services including proficiency in roadway design, construction plans preparation, CADD, project documentation, and cost estimating. Mr. Runkle’s specialties include geometric design, intersection design, interchange design, traffic operations including signing and pavement markings, ADA compliance, and bicycle facilities, with additional experience in pavement design, drainage design, and maintenance of traffic design.
With the design expertise Jeremy brings to the firm in the greater Jacksonville area, DAVENPORT is pleased to provide its top-notch services and complete its coverage of the North Florida region. DAVENPORT is excited to bring its proven engineered success to new clients within the State of Florida and look forward to the many opportunities ahead! For more on Jeremy you can visit the Our Team page.
DAVENPORT is pleased to announce that Edith G. Peters, PE, PTOE has joined DAVENPORT as Director of the Charlotte Regional Office. Ms. Peters has over nine years of experience in the industry, providing traffic engineering, transportation planning, and transportation design on numerous projects throughout North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia.
For more on Edith you can visit the Our Team page. We look forward to her presence in the firm and to the many opportunities that await.